Happy Birthday to Charles Darwin!
On this day in 1809, the English biologist Charles Darwin was born. Darwin transformed science through his voyage on the HMS Beagle and his book “On the Origin of the Species.”
Darwin developed his theory of evolution based on the process of natural selection. His theory stated that organisms with characteristics more suited for their environment were more likely to survive and pass it on to their fertile offspring. Organisms with unfavorable characteristics would slowly die off.
Keep learning about Darwin and his contributions to science with NOVA.
Image: Naturalist Charles Darwin, in an undated photo near the end of his life. (Library of Congress)